Welcome!

Release Management Authors: Jnan Dash, Liz McMillan, Lori MacVittie, Gilad Parann-Nissany, Carmen Gonzalez

Blog Feed Post

You Can Monitor Your XenServer With Monitis!

Left side (image): Hand crushing computer equpment; Right side (text): XenServer6 Intgrate, manage and automate a virtual datacenter. Learn More

As we have discussed on the Monitis blog virtualization is one of the hottest IT subjects today.

One leader in this field is Citrix — with the XenServer product family. XenServer is the most known commercial implementation of of the open source Xen hypervisor. By the way, you should pronounced Xen like “zen.” It comes from a Greek word meaning “guest.”

In the IT world, Xen originated as a research project, led by Ian Pratt at England’s Cambridge University. It was first developed by XenSource Inc., and after acquisition, the work was continued by Citrix. Currently, you can choose between 4 editions of XenServer:

  • XenServer [Free Edition]
  • XenServer Advanced Edition
  • XenServer Enterprise Edition
  • XenServer Platinum Edition

Other Citrix “Xen” technology, like XenApp or XenDesktop, are not related to the original Xen project.

In 2009, Citrix decided to open the source of XenServer, and the company created XCP (Xen Cloud Platform). In the first phase, XCP was a whole Linux distribution. Recently, the initiative has been extended to provide XAPI toolstack on standard Linux distribution, in the first place for Debian and Ubuntu. What this means is that you can try XAPI on your home machine.

Monitoring

In the article below, we’ll learn how to apply daemon exporting XenServer metrics to Monitis. This is only proof of concept, but it can be easily modified to do exactly what you want. (This is the power you get using Monitis Open API).

XenServer/XCP

There is a dedicated XenServer monitoring tool included in all paid editions. You can also find some third-party tools. Obviously, we are interested in how we can monitor XenServer and XCP with Monitis. One possible way is to enable SNMP on XenServer and treat it as a standard Linux in Monitis. After all, XenServer and XCP dom0 are based on CentOS. Another method that we are going to give an overview of today is XenServer/XCP-specific. XenServer enables you to download, host and store all VM statistic in a  RRD (Round Robin Database) using HTTP handler. You can find some information on how to use XenServer RRD data in two documents from the Citrix Community page (Click here and here). In the second document, you’ll see that there are two examples of Python scripts that we are going to use for the base to our daemon updating XenServer monitors in Monitis. Both scripts use the python “rrd_update” module. You can also find on this on the Citrix page or grab it from github.

Monitis

Monitis has dedicated libraries in many programing languages. You need to use python to export XenServer RRD; therefore to update results on Monitis, we are going to use the python library, too. The code can be obtained from our github repository. Please remember that you need the elementtree module, which is not a part of standard python distribution. Plus, you have to get it from the official website or obtain it from your distribution repository. There is a note about it in the code, but not in the original article.

 

xen2monitis

Having these two weapons, we are now ready to attack. First, there is the example code in our git repository that you can install on XenServer or Linux distribution with XCP. Alternately, you can choose another server with a connection to both Monitis and the XenServer that you want to monitor. However, installing our daemon on XenServer/XCP seems to be the best choice.

Here are some easy directions:

1.) Create the Xen2Monitis default directory:

mkdir /var/local/lib/xen2monitis

2.) Download the xen2monitis code which is part of Monitis-Linux-Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/monitisexchange/Monitis-Linux-Scripts.git

3.) Copy Xen2Monits file to default location:

cp  Monitis-Linux-Scripts.git/Xen2Monits/* /var/local/lib/xen2monitis

4.) Go to created directory:

cd /var/local/lib/xen2monitis

5.) Obtain the elementtree module:
- You can get the source code:

wget http://effbot.org/media/downloads/elementtree-1.2.6-20050316.tar.gz

- Or you can get a dedicated package for your distribution. If you plan to use XenServer, the elementtree is already installed there.

6.) Install the elementtree (if not already done by your distribution)
- for source code (the last command as root):

tar -xzf elementtree-1.2.6-20050316.tar.gz
cd elementtree-1.2.6-20050316
python setup.py install

7.) Next, add your API Key and Secret to a file. Please separate them with “,”.The default ‘secret file’ is  /usr/local/xen2monitis/secret

8.) Add the xenserver root password to your secret file, so it should be similar to:

5DQQ0460S18ERNRNRUI7M905N1, 7MA9XJNDL3KAMBAKFR9981N04J, secret_password

9.) Now you can start the daemon:

/usr/local/lib/xen2monitis/xen2monitis.py start

10.) You need to wait few minutes. You can check if your script works without any problems in /var/log/xs2monitis.log.

11.) After a few minutes, you should have a bunch of new graphs that you can add to the Dashboard by Monitors->Custom Monitor menu.

Monitor Name Conventions

When you look at newly created monitor names, you might be a bit confused. The names tend to be very long and have a strange set of strings separated by ‘-’, for example:

lisbon – cpu1 (HOST: 0c1bb847-d867-75ff-27e0-7b468f1385f2)

Such name conventions were chosen to ensure the uniqueness of each monitor. Imagine that you have two VMs called “Win7″. Daemon would not be able to distinguish between them and would save all data into one monitor! To address it, XenServer UUID (universally unique identifier), what looks like set of strings separated by “-”, is added to each title.

 

Daemon Modification

Using xen2monitis.py script, please remember that there are some values you can define at the beginning of the file, for example:

  • where is the secret file (default /usr/local/lib/xen2monitis/secret)
  • where is the lock file (default /var/run/xen2monitis.pid)
  • where is the log file (default /var/log/xen2monitis.log)
  • the url to pool master (default http://localhost)

You might prefer not to use daemon, but, instead, call up script from cron job. It’s not a big problem. You need to copy the main loop, start after line 115 to separate the file and convert it.

We hope this article showing you how to monitor your XenServer with Monitis makes your IT life a lot easier. Please share some tips of your own!

Share Now:del.icio.usDiggFacebookLinkedInBlinkListDZoneGoogle BookmarksRedditStumbleUponTwitterRSS

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Hovhannes Avoyan

Hovhannes Avoyan is the CEO of PicsArt, Inc.,

@ThingsExpo Stories
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo 2016 in New York and Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty ...
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, will provide an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Commvault, a global leader in enterprise data protection and information management, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7–9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Commvault is a leading provider of data protection and information management...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Tintri Inc., a leading producer of VM-aware storage (VAS) for virtualization and cloud environments, will exhibit at the 18th International CloudExpo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, and the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Companies can harness IoT and predictive analytics to sustain business continuity; predict and manage site performance during emergencies; minimize expensive reactive maintenance; and forecast equipment and maintenance budgets and expenditures. Providing cost-effective, uninterrupted service is challenging, particularly for organizations with geographically dispersed operations.
In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Bruce Swann, Senior Product Marketing Manager at Adobe, will discuss how the Adobe Marketing Cloud can help marketers embrace opportunities for personalized, relevant and real-time customer engagement across offline (direct mail, point of sale, call center) and digital (email, website, SMS, mobile apps, social networks, connected objects). Bruce Swann has more than 15 years of experience working with digital marketing disciplines like web analytics, social med...
Designing IoT applications is complex, but deploying them in a scalable fashion is even more complex. A scalable, API first IaaS cloud is a good start, but in order to understand the various components specific to deploying IoT applications, one needs to understand the architecture of these applications and figure out how to scale these components independently. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Nara Rajagopalan is CEO of Accelerite, will discuss the fundamental architecture of IoT applications, ...
18th Cloud Expo, taking place June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some...
As cloud and storage projections continue to rise, the number of organizations moving to the cloud is escalating and it is clear cloud storage is here to stay. However, is it secure? Data is the lifeblood for government entities, countries, cloud service providers and enterprises alike and losing or exposing that data can have disastrous results. There are new concepts for data storage on the horizon that will deliver secure solutions for storing and moving sensitive data around the world. ...
Join us at Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo 2016 – June 7-9 at the Javits Center in New York City and November 1-3 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – and deliver your unique message in a way that is striking and unforgettable by taking advantage of SYS-CON's unmatched high-impact, result-driven event / media packages.
SYS-CON Events announced today that EastBanc Technologies will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. EastBanc Technologies has been working at the frontier of technology since 1999. Today, the firm provides full-lifecycle software development delivering flexible technology solutions that seamlessly integrate with existing systems – whether on premise or cloud. EastBanc Technologies partners with p...
SYS-CON Events announced today that BMC Software has been named "Siver Sponsor" of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2015 at the Javits Center in New York, New York. BMC is a global leader in innovative software solutions that help businesses transform into digital enterprises for the ultimate competitive advantage. BMC Digital Enterprise Management is a set of innovative IT solutions designed to make digital business fast, seamless, and optimized from mainframe to mo...
SoftLayer operates a global cloud infrastructure platform built for Internet scale. With a global footprint of data centers and network points of presence, SoftLayer provides infrastructure as a service to leading-edge customers ranging from Web startups to global enterprises. SoftLayer's modular architecture, full-featured API, and sophisticated automation provide unparalleled performance and control. Its flexible unified platform seamlessly spans physical and virtual devices linked via a world...
SYS-CON Events announced today that ContentMX, the marketing technology and services company with a singular mission to increase engagement and drive more conversations for enterprise, channel and SMB technology marketers, has been named “Sponsor & Exhibitor Lounge Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York. “CloudExpo is a great opportunity to start a conversation with new prospects, but what happens after the...
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Containers, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit y...
The essence of data analysis involves setting up data pipelines that consist of several operations that are chained together – starting from data collection, data quality checks, data integration, data analysis and data visualization (including the setting up of interaction paths in that visualization). In our opinion, the challenges stem from the technology diversity at each stage of the data pipeline as well as the lack of process around the analysis.
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 19th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world and ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.
The IoTs will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and share the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the development proc...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Enzu, a leading provider of cloud hosting solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Enzu’s mission is to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud solutions worldwide. Enzu enables online businesses to use its IT infrastructure to their competitive advantage. By offering a suite of proven hosting and management services, Enzu wants companies to foc...
The IoT is changing the way enterprises conduct business. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Hoffman, Vice President at EastBanc Technologies, discuss how businesses can gain an edge over competitors by empowering consumers to take control through IoT. We'll cite examples such as a Washington, D.C.-based sports club that leveraged IoT and the cloud to develop a comprehensive booking system. He'll also highlight how IoT can revitalize and restore outdated business models, making them profitable...