Welcome!

Release Management Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, David H Deans, Liz McMillan, Jnan Dash

Blog Feed Post

You Can Monitor Your XenServer With Monitis!

Left side (image): Hand crushing computer equpment; Right side (text): XenServer6 Intgrate, manage and automate a virtual datacenter. Learn More

As we have discussed on the Monitis blog virtualization is one of the hottest IT subjects today.

One leader in this field is Citrix — with the XenServer product family. XenServer is the most known commercial implementation of of the open source Xen hypervisor. By the way, you should pronounced Xen like “zen.” It comes from a Greek word meaning “guest.”

In the IT world, Xen originated as a research project, led by Ian Pratt at England’s Cambridge University. It was first developed by XenSource Inc., and after acquisition, the work was continued by Citrix. Currently, you can choose between 4 editions of XenServer:

  • XenServer [Free Edition]
  • XenServer Advanced Edition
  • XenServer Enterprise Edition
  • XenServer Platinum Edition

Other Citrix “Xen” technology, like XenApp or XenDesktop, are not related to the original Xen project.

In 2009, Citrix decided to open the source of XenServer, and the company created XCP (Xen Cloud Platform). In the first phase, XCP was a whole Linux distribution. Recently, the initiative has been extended to provide XAPI toolstack on standard Linux distribution, in the first place for Debian and Ubuntu. What this means is that you can try XAPI on your home machine.

Monitoring

In the article below, we’ll learn how to apply daemon exporting XenServer metrics to Monitis. This is only proof of concept, but it can be easily modified to do exactly what you want. (This is the power you get using Monitis Open API).

XenServer/XCP

There is a dedicated XenServer monitoring tool included in all paid editions. You can also find some third-party tools. Obviously, we are interested in how we can monitor XenServer and XCP with Monitis. One possible way is to enable SNMP on XenServer and treat it as a standard Linux in Monitis. After all, XenServer and XCP dom0 are based on CentOS. Another method that we are going to give an overview of today is XenServer/XCP-specific. XenServer enables you to download, host and store all VM statistic in a  RRD (Round Robin Database) using HTTP handler. You can find some information on how to use XenServer RRD data in two documents from the Citrix Community page (Click here and here). In the second document, you’ll see that there are two examples of Python scripts that we are going to use for the base to our daemon updating XenServer monitors in Monitis. Both scripts use the python “rrd_update” module. You can also find on this on the Citrix page or grab it from github.

Monitis

Monitis has dedicated libraries in many programing languages. You need to use python to export XenServer RRD; therefore to update results on Monitis, we are going to use the python library, too. The code can be obtained from our github repository. Please remember that you need the elementtree module, which is not a part of standard python distribution. Plus, you have to get it from the official website or obtain it from your distribution repository. There is a note about it in the code, but not in the original article.

 

xen2monitis

Having these two weapons, we are now ready to attack. First, there is the example code in our git repository that you can install on XenServer or Linux distribution with XCP. Alternately, you can choose another server with a connection to both Monitis and the XenServer that you want to monitor. However, installing our daemon on XenServer/XCP seems to be the best choice.

Here are some easy directions:

1.) Create the Xen2Monitis default directory:

mkdir /var/local/lib/xen2monitis

2.) Download the xen2monitis code which is part of Monitis-Linux-Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/monitisexchange/Monitis-Linux-Scripts.git

3.) Copy Xen2Monits file to default location:

cp  Monitis-Linux-Scripts.git/Xen2Monits/* /var/local/lib/xen2monitis

4.) Go to created directory:

cd /var/local/lib/xen2monitis

5.) Obtain the elementtree module:
- You can get the source code:

wget http://effbot.org/media/downloads/elementtree-1.2.6-20050316.tar.gz

- Or you can get a dedicated package for your distribution. If you plan to use XenServer, the elementtree is already installed there.

6.) Install the elementtree (if not already done by your distribution)
- for source code (the last command as root):

tar -xzf elementtree-1.2.6-20050316.tar.gz
cd elementtree-1.2.6-20050316
python setup.py install

7.) Next, add your API Key and Secret to a file. Please separate them with “,”.The default ‘secret file’ is  /usr/local/xen2monitis/secret

8.) Add the xenserver root password to your secret file, so it should be similar to:

5DQQ0460S18ERNRNRUI7M905N1, 7MA9XJNDL3KAMBAKFR9981N04J, secret_password

9.) Now you can start the daemon:

/usr/local/lib/xen2monitis/xen2monitis.py start

10.) You need to wait few minutes. You can check if your script works without any problems in /var/log/xs2monitis.log.

11.) After a few minutes, you should have a bunch of new graphs that you can add to the Dashboard by Monitors->Custom Monitor menu.

Monitor Name Conventions

When you look at newly created monitor names, you might be a bit confused. The names tend to be very long and have a strange set of strings separated by ‘-’, for example:

lisbon – cpu1 (HOST: 0c1bb847-d867-75ff-27e0-7b468f1385f2)

Such name conventions were chosen to ensure the uniqueness of each monitor. Imagine that you have two VMs called “Win7″. Daemon would not be able to distinguish between them and would save all data into one monitor! To address it, XenServer UUID (universally unique identifier), what looks like set of strings separated by “-”, is added to each title.

 

Daemon Modification

Using xen2monitis.py script, please remember that there are some values you can define at the beginning of the file, for example:

  • where is the secret file (default /usr/local/lib/xen2monitis/secret)
  • where is the lock file (default /var/run/xen2monitis.pid)
  • where is the log file (default /var/log/xen2monitis.log)
  • the url to pool master (default http://localhost)

You might prefer not to use daemon, but, instead, call up script from cron job. It’s not a big problem. You need to copy the main loop, start after line 115 to separate the file and convert it.

We hope this article showing you how to monitor your XenServer with Monitis makes your IT life a lot easier. Please share some tips of your own!

Share Now:del.icio.usDiggFacebookLinkedInBlinkListDZoneGoogle BookmarksRedditStumbleUponTwitterRSS

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Hovhannes Avoyan

Hovhannes Avoyan is the CEO of PicsArt, Inc.,

@ThingsExpo Stories
"Akvelon is a software development company and we also provide consultancy services to folks who are looking to scale or accelerate their engineering roadmaps," explained Jeremiah Mothersell, Marketing Manager at Akvelon, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
JETRO showcased Japan Digital Transformation Pavilion at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo® at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. The Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) is a non-profit organization that provides business support services to companies expanding to Japan. With the support of JETRO's dedicated staff, clients can incorporate their business; receive visa, immigration, and HR support; find dedicated office space; identify local government subsidies; get...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that the upcoming DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO New York event will feature 10 companies from Poland to participate at the "Poland Digital Transformation Pavilion" on November 12-13, 2018.
The current age of digital transformation means that IT organizations must adapt their toolset to cover all digital experiences, beyond just the end users’. Today’s businesses can no longer focus solely on the digital interactions they manage with employees or customers; they must now contend with non-traditional factors. Whether it's the power of brand to make or break a company, the need to monitor across all locations 24/7, or the ability to proactively resolve issues, companies must adapt to...
"We view the cloud not as a specific technology but as a way of doing business and that way of doing business is transforming the way software, infrastructure and services are being delivered to business," explained Matthew Rosen, CEO and Director at Fusion, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo (http://www.CloudComputingExpo.com), held June 7-9 at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
As data explodes in quantity, importance and from new sources, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and cloud environments grow with it. Managing data includes protecting it, indexing and classifying it for true, long-term management, compliance and E-Discovery. Commvault can ensure this with a single pane of glass solution – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enter...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that ICC-USA, a computer systems integrator and server manufacturing company focused on developing products and product appliances, will exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO. DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. ICC is a computer systems integrator and server manufacturing company focused on developing products and product appliances to meet a wide range of ...
More and more brands have jumped on the IoT bandwagon. We have an excess of wearables – activity trackers, smartwatches, smart glasses and sneakers, and more that track seemingly endless datapoints. However, most consumers have no idea what “IoT” means. Creating more wearables that track data shouldn't be the aim of brands; delivering meaningful, tangible relevance to their users should be. We're in a period in which the IoT pendulum is still swinging. Initially, it swung toward "smart for smart...
Major trends and emerging technologies – from virtual reality and IoT, to Big Data and algorithms – are helping organizations innovate in the digital era. However, to create real business value, IT must think beyond the ‘what’ of digital transformation to the ‘how’ to harness emerging trends, innovation and disruption. Architecture is the key that underpins and ties all these efforts together. In the digital age, it’s important to invest in architecture, extend the enterprise footprint to the cl...
Headquartered in Plainsboro, NJ, Synametrics Technologies has provided IT professionals and computer systems developers since 1997. Based on the success of their initial product offerings (WinSQL and DeltaCopy), the company continues to create and hone innovative products that help its customers get more from their computer applications, databases and infrastructure. To date, over one million users around the world have chosen Synametrics solutions to help power their accelerated business or per...
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
In an era of historic innovation fueled by unprecedented access to data and technology, the low cost and risk of entering new markets has leveled the playing field for business. Today, any ambitious innovator can easily introduce a new application or product that can reinvent business models and transform the client experience. In their Day 2 Keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Mercer Rowe, IBM Vice President of Strategic Alliances, and Raejeanne Skillern, Intel Vice President of Data Center Group and ...
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
We are seeing a major migration of enterprises applications to the cloud. As cloud and business use of real time applications accelerate, legacy networks are no longer able to architecturally support cloud adoption and deliver the performance and security required by highly distributed enterprises. These outdated solutions have become more costly and complicated to implement, install, manage, and maintain.SD-WAN offers unlimited capabilities for accessing the benefits of the cloud and Internet. ...
Founded in 2000, Chetu Inc. is a global provider of customized software development solutions and IT staff augmentation services for software technology providers. By providing clients with unparalleled niche technology expertise and industry experience, Chetu has become the premiere long-term, back-end software development partner for start-ups, SMBs, and Fortune 500 companies. Chetu is headquartered in Plantation, Florida, with thirteen offices throughout the U.S. and abroad.
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...
From 2013, NTT Communications has been providing cPaaS service, SkyWay. Its customer’s expectations for leveraging WebRTC technology are not only typical real-time communication use cases such as Web conference, remote education, but also IoT use cases such as remote camera monitoring, smart-glass, and robotic. Because of this, NTT Communications has numerous IoT business use-cases that its customers are developing on top of PaaS. WebRTC will lead IoT businesses to be more innovative and address...
Charles Araujo is an industry analyst, internationally recognized authority on the Digital Enterprise and author of The Quantum Age of IT: Why Everything You Know About IT is About to Change. As Principal Analyst with Intellyx, he writes, speaks and advises organizations on how to navigate through this time of disruption. He is also the founder of The Institute for Digital Transformation and a sought after keynote speaker. He has been a regular contributor to both InformationWeek and CIO Insight...
Gemini is Yahoo’s native and search advertising platform. To ensure the quality of a complex distributed system that spans multiple products and components and across various desktop websites and mobile app and web experiences – both Yahoo owned and operated and third-party syndication (supply), with complex interaction with more than a billion users and numerous advertisers globally (demand) – it becomes imperative to automate a set of end-to-end tests 24x7 to detect bugs and regression. In th...