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Du PC = Personal Computer au ... PC = Personal Cloud

Logo Gartner GroupLe Gartner Group est l’un des cabinets d’analyse de l’évolution des technologies informatiques et la majorité des grandes entreprises mondiales sont abonnées à ses études.

Leurs études sont réservées aux entreprises qui payent, cher, pour y avoir accès. Heureusement, le Gartner publie aussi de temps en temps, gratuitement, des extraits de ces études qui commencent toujours par la phrase «Gartner says...».

Le titre de ce document public, publié le 12 mars 2012, était :

« The Personal Cloud Will Replace the Personal Computer as the Center of Users' Digital Lives by 2014»

(A partir de 2014, le «Nuage personnel» remplacera l’ordinateur personnel comme centre de la vie numérique des utilisateurs)

Je partage l’avis du Gartner sur ce sujet et cette évolution a déjà bien avancé dans le grand public ; un mouvement identique va se produire dans les entreprises, mais avec un décalage de 2 à 5 années, comme c’est le cas actuellement pour toutes les innovations dans le domaine informatique.

 

La migration vers le Personal Cloud, un mouvement très rapide

Post PC BulletDans ce document, Gartner confirme que nous sommes entrés dans l’ère «Post PC», sujet que j’ai aussi abordé récemment.

Comme le suggère cette image, beaucoup d’internautes ont déjà commencé à se libérer des liens forts avec leur PC en local, qui n’est plus le point central de leur vie numérique.

Comment définir un Personal Cloud : un espace où l’essentiel de nos contenus et de nos applications est disponible, en permanence, accessible depuis n’importe quel objet, en tout lieu.

Du PC au Personal CloudLa principale rupture vient du fait que ce sont maintenant les «services clouds» auxquels on accède, contenus et applications, qui deviennent essentiels, les objets permettant d’y accéder perdant leur rôle central.

Une remarque «linguistique» : pour la majorité des utilisateurs grand public, Cloud, Internet, le Web, c’est ... la même chose et tant mieux. Des millions de personnes utilisent le «nuage» avec Yahoo!mail, Gmail, Picasa ou Flickr sans même en connaître le nom.

 

Des centaines de services personnels déjà disponibles 

C’est depuis le milieu des années 2000 que les services Cloud à l’usage du grand public ont pris leur essor. 

Personal Clouds solutionsSur ce graphique apparaissent quelques leaders du marché. J’ai privilégié les outils qui permettent de partager des contenus :

- Vidéo avec YouTube.

- Présentations avec SlideShare.

- Photos avec Flickr ou Facebook. 

- Musiques avec iCloud, Amazon Cloud Drive ou Google Music.

- Contenus divers avec Dropbox, Box ou Google Drive.

Il faudrait citer aussi toutes les applications de communication et collaboration comme Hotmail, Gmail, Skype ou WhatsApp. 

Je n’ai pas trouvé de statistiques sur ce sujet, mais je pense qu’il n’est pas déraisonnable d’estimer que chaque internaute utilise en moyenne entre 5 et 10 services Cloud personnels différents, proposés par des fournisseurs différents. Chacun d’entre nous pourra essayer de calculer le nombre de services qu’il utilise.

 

La dynamique des deux cercles, services et objets d’accès

Les personnes vont de plus en plus utiliser différents objets mobiles, qui leur appartiennent ou qu’ils vont emprunter à des amis quand nécessaire pour accéder au Cloud, ce que j’ai représenté par le cercle intérieur.

Personal Cloud - 2 CirclesElles vont aussi répartir leur «vie numérique» sur de très nombreux services Cloud différents, le cercle extérieur de ce schéma.

Imaginons que ces deux cercles sont mobiles, et chaque personne souhaitera, exigera bientôt, pouvoir aligner un objet d’accès avec un service de manière transparente, selon l’endroit où elle se trouve ou les réseaux disponibles. 

Cette indépendance entre le cercle intérieur, objets d’accès et le cercle extérieur, les services utilisés, n’est pas encore totale. Trop souvent, un service est encore lié à un outil d’accès, comme c’est le cas avec «appstores», sujet que j’ai parlé il y a peu.

La variété des objets d’accès et des services disponibles va continuer à augmenter au cours des prochaines années et va rendre cette indépendance de plus en plus essentielle.

 

Se préparer au même changement, dans les entreprises 

Un mouvement similaire va se produire dans le monde de l’entreprise, c’est une évidence, mais avec un décalage qui sera de l’ordre de 2 à 5 ans selon les entreprises et les services.

Gauss Décalage Grand public Entreprise Gmail Google AppsSur ce graphique, j’ai pris l’exemple de la messagerie Web, qui est le plus facile pour illustrer le décalage grand public - entreprise :

- Gmail grand public a été annoncé en 2004.

- Google Apps professionnel est arrivé sur le marché en 2007, 3 ans plus tard.

- Fin 2011, 8 ans plus tard, on estime qu’il y a environ 350 millions d’utilisateurs de Gmail, car aucun des grands acteurs du Webmail ne communique le chiffre exact du nombre d’abonnés actifs. 

Les services Clouds professionnels universels mis en œuvre seront très proches de ceux du grand public ; de nombreuses entreprises utilisent déjà Box ou DropBox pour leurs documents.

Il y aura bien sur, en plus, de nombreux services professionnels spécifiques tels que le CRM, la gestion des Ressources Humaines ou les budgets.

Le Gartner Group annonce 2014 pour le «Personal Cloud» ; en prenant un décalage moyen de 3 années, on peut donc pronostiquer qu’il faudra attendre 2017 pour pouvoir parler de la migration :

Du PC= Personal Computer au ...PC = Professional Cloud

 

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Louis Nauges

Louis Naugès is Founder & President of Revevol, the first European Consulting organization 100% dedicated to SaaS and Cloud Computing. He has 30 years of IT experience. Very few people in Europe have his knowledge and expertise in Cloud & SaaS technologies and applications. He works directly with CIOs of very large organizations. Revevol is the first EMEA distributor of Google Apps and the largest worldwide organization deploying Google Apps is one of Revevol's clients.

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